Tagged: история

WAR AND PEACE: BIOGRAPHICAL MILESTONES

Abstract: The article is the first attempt to provide a comprehensive exploration of the creation of Prokofiev’s epic opera War and Peace. In particular, the article focuses on the preconditions of the concept, compositional stages, structural principles of writing a huge piece of music, approaches to its dramaturgic interpretation as well as the recreation of stage life of the opera and the analysis of its perception by critics. Chronologically, the history of the creation covers almost 12 years (1941–1953), which is a record period in Prokofiev’s biography. In total, War and Peace underwent five editions. The article analyses the conditions which made the production of this timely work so much anticipated by Russian public impossible in Russia. War and Peace was a unique operatic composition created by a world-famous composer, however, it did not mean the opera would easily reach its audience. Leo Tolstoy is one of Russia’s patriotic classics, which means that any interpreter of his work is supposed to follow the ideological triad of “nationalism, optimism, and realism”. In addition, the plot centered around the Patriotic War of 1812 at the height of the Patriotic War of the 1940s had to be even more patriotic in its nature. In view of the above, Prokofiev was forced to transform the composition for a lyric chamber theater into a grandiose national and historical epic. It is hardly possible to say whether his attempt was a success, since he deliberately did not canonize any of the resulting redactions for future performances. Two world premieres of War and Peace took place in Prague on June 25, 1948 (first stage redaction) and in Florence on May 26, 1953 (second stage redaction, a one-evening version). Five of the nine Prokofiev’s opera premieres were held abroad. Against the disappointing statistics, these five performances stand out as a symbol of freedom of musical creativity and a memorial to the defeated aspirations of a genius. Download the article

О МЕТАФОРИЧЕСКОЙ РЕПРОДУКЦИИ ИСТОРИИ В ОПЕРЕ ОБЕРА И СКРИБА «ГУСТАВ III, ИЛИ БАЛ-МАСКАРАД»

Аннотация: В статье рассматриваются политические аллюзии оперы Д.-Ф.-Э. Обера и Э. Скриба «Густав III, или Бал-маскарад», поставленной в Париже, в Королевской академии музыки 27 февраля 1833 года. Историческое прошлое Швеции в ней было интерпретировано таким образом, что публика увидела множество скрытых или лежащих на поверхности, но отнюдь не однозначных ссылок на  французскую историю последних лет: от революции 1789 года до Июльской революции и покушений на жизнь короля Луи-Филиппа в 1832 году. Abstract: The paper considers political allusions in the opera by D.-F.-E. Auber and E. Scribe «Gustave III, ou Le bal masqué», which was staged at L’Académie Royale de Musique in Paris on February 27, 1833. In this work the historical past of Sweden was interpreted in such a way that contemporaries saw many more or less obvious references to the French history of recent years: from the revolution of 1789 to the July Revolution and the most recent attempts on the life of king Louis Philippe in 1832. Скачать статью